Prejudices Against the Dominican Accent & Anti-Dominican Sentiment

Dominican Accent Identity

Dominicans, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, coastal Colombians, coastal Panamanians, Argentinians, and even the Andalusian/Canarian Spaniards generally tend to omit certain syllables and letters in our Spanish accents. For example “Como tu estas?” can easily be said “Como tu ‘ta?” when we speak. We can shorten words to make our language flow smoother and faster. Similarly to spoken English: “Do not go” can be “Don’t go” or “Want to go” and “wanna go”.

With 21 different Spanish-speaking countries, just like with any language, through time the accents and dialects naturally evolve and diverge with their own distinctions. But for some reason, even though others do the same… It feels as if it is us Caribbean folks, especially Dominicans, who received the most dismissal for our Spanish accent. Why? Well, the reasons I’ve gotten have been illogical, uneducated, and even racist. 

Living in the Spanish cities of Barcelona, Ibiza, and Seville no one ever bothered me about my thick Caribbean accent. Not once. Studying in Buenos Aires and traveling through Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua they either thought it was so cute like “awww” or they didn’t care one bit either.

Anti-Dominican Sentiment

But then and most recently… when I first moved to Cuba, I noticed cringes and outright verbal disapproval. Yes. In Cuba. Where they basically sound just like us but with a different canto and slang. Yes in Cuba, where in addition to S’s they also rarely pronounce their R’s. I was perplexed. If anything I should have felt right at home here. But instead based on a sliver of nuanced difference, I was being told I inferior. I’m very proud of my culture which is intrinsically tied to my accent. So the denigration almost felt like a prejudice against my identity. And it wasn’t just me. Another Dominican-American at the University of Havana had to tell our professor “I’m Dominican and this is my accent and it’s not gonna change! Hmph!”

And as I grew older and traveled around Latin America, I’d notice a lot of other Latinos calling out the accent in front of me, including some of our very own Dominicans who seemed ashamed of their accent. Yikes.

What is the Proper Spanish Accent?

So it got me thinking. What is the “proper” or the “right” Spanish accent? One that sounds the most like Spain’s accent? (“La Madre Patria” as some colonized minds like to say). Well, actually in the country of Spain alone there are FIVE DIFFERENT LANGUAGES. Only one is Spanish. And of that Spanish, there are various accents such as the in the south (Andalucia) and the Canary Islands where they also omit their S’s and various syllables.

Fun Fact: The Canary Islands/Spanish Andalucia is where we Caribbean Latinos, the first to be colonized, get our Spanish accents from. The first conquistadores came from Andalucia and stopped by the Canary Islands (picking up more people) on their voyages to Hispaniola/the Caribbean. So, actually, our accent sounds VERY Spaniard (not that I’m vying for colonizer approval). So if many of the Spaniards themselves barely pronounce all the letters and syllables, while others in Latin America are… then who’s really speaking with the alleged “proper” or “right” Spanish accent based on this fallacious logic?

Don’t believe me on the Spanish Canary accent? Watch this video below!

Or is the most proper Spanish accent the one that pronounces all their syllables and letters? Because then only a small handful of Spanish-speaking countries fit into this category. Just because a word is spelled with certain letters doesn’t mean that the most proper way to pronounce it is by pronouncing every letter. If that were the case, then the British are all speaking improperly. For instance, they don’t pronounce all their R’s (“The party is over there” = “Tha pa’-ty is ova’ the’a”) And the French.. forget it. What makes the French language so hard is that what you write is nothing like what you pronounce.

Anti-black Sentiment?

So then what is it? Why are we the ones not only frowned upon so much for our accent but also why do even some Dominicans negatively scrutinize themselves for it? Is it our colonized minds trying to adhere to some erroneous paragon of Spaniard properness? Is it because we’re black? Because many of the Argentine, Chileans, and the Spaniards also don’t pronounce all their letters or syllables but I can’t say I’ve ever heard anyone complaining about them! And in Cuba, although they all skipped a few S’s and R’s, it was the Eastern Cubans (where the proportion of Black Cubans is higher) that receive the most prejudice. And our accent/tone is indeed Afro-influenced similar to the West African French.

And/or is it just in our human nature to be prejudice against each other for silly differences to make each other feel superior? For instance, the British prejudice of accents/social class is an incredibly underrated and ongoing issue.

Spanish Dialects & Accents vs. Content & the Richness of a Language

It is one thing to say that you find an accent ugly. After all, beauty is in the eye of the beholder. But it is another thing to say that someone’s accent is wrong. Think about it. Is there even such a thing as the “right” or “wrong” accent when more than one group of people with different influences, geographic locations, and histories speak the same language?

It’s also one thing to protest the content of someone’s words, to point out their spelling/grammar, or to want to improve the richness of the expression of your language. This is an entirely different matter. For instance, in the Dominican Republic many are working towards making education more accessible for all, the way that countries like Cuba and Argentina have, so that we can better enrich and improve upon our communication, political systems, economy, social issues… this is a conversation I completely support in the Dominican Republic and everywhere else.

But for someone to claim that another person is inferior based on what they deem to be the “right” accent is ignorant, possibly racist, and highlights the accuser’s prejudices and their lack of education on the roots, nuanced distinctions of the Spanish accent, and its evolutions through time and around the globe.

Resources

Dominican identity is so complex. For so many underrated reasons. After writing this, I decided to see who else is speaking up on this topic. Unfortunately, not too many of us… yet! But here are a few other related articles on Dominican accent and identity.

How I learned to love my Dominican accent

DOMINICANISMOS: How Dominicans Speak

Perceptions of Dominican Spanish and Dominican Self-perception in the Puerto Rican Diaspora

 

 

3 thoughts on “Prejudices Against the Dominican Accent & Anti-Dominican Sentiment

  1. Arielle says:

    Honestly the accent pretentiousness is so dumb! I lived in Murcia and I loved their accent, precisely because it sounds so much like a Dominican/Puerto Rican accent. But some Spaniards (not ones from Murcia usually haha) were super snooty when I said anything in a Mexican accent or used Mexican slang… I got into a lot of arguments about colonialism and racism with a lot of Spaniards lol
    Also, I was reading about accent shifts and what we now think of as a posh, proper English accent only came into use in the early 19th century! Before that, many English people had accents more akin to what we know think of as the American Mid-Atlantic accent. So British people making fun of American English… joke’s on y’all. (One of my degrees is in Linguistics, I love to talk about this shit all day long)

  2. Douglas Donovan says:

    Very interesting post. I lived in the DR for 3 1/2 years, married a Dominican from “la Linea Noroeste” and was immersed in the culture, language, etc. While I got used to the sloppy, incorrect pronunciation of words, it was an indicator of the person’s educational and social level/status. I personally observed school teachers in the classroom setting being lazy with their -ado’s, dropping the final “s”, etc – including writing words on the blackboard leaving out the letters that should have been there! and even Dominicans would make fun of Hipólito Mejía’s “speaking like a campesino and burro”!
    I hypothesized that one reason that the improper usage was so prevalent was because, in general, the Dominicans I knew, worked with, socialized with, etc. were not avid readers. By not seeing the words over and over againg correctly spelled might have contributed to the widespread incorrect usage.
    The analogy you use to compare the use of “¿Como tu tá?” with “Do not go” vs. “Don’t go” is not a valid comparison. “Don’t go” is a valid and correct use of a contraction in the English language, while “Como tu ‘tá” is not in the Spanish language. A better analogy would be the use of “Wanna go” vs. “Want to go”.

    Thanks!
    Doug Donovan

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